In recent years we have been witnessing a surgical revolution that aims at minimizing the patient’s discomfort and optimizing the therapeutic success. This is possible through the application of minimally invasive procedures (MIS – minimally invasive surgery) that limit the trauma of surgery. The efficacy and safety of MIS and thus the capability to overcome the risks connected with these procedures are related to surgical experience. In this scenario surgical training plays a key role for both trainees and surgeons with experience in open procedures. This discussion wants to give MIS basic notions and it is addressed to pediadric surgeons, general surgeons and interns who want to extend their knowledge in endosurgery.